Foundations D

Reading real books independently!

For children age 5-8 who have mastered the 75 basic phonograms and are familiar with the spelling rules introduced in levels B and C.

Foundations D opens up the world of real books, supporting students as they bridge from mastery of foundational skills to independent reading. Strengthening and building on what they have learned in levels A-C, students learn new spelling rules and other linguistic concepts that, with the phonograms and spelling rules they have already mastered, equip them to decode and spell thousands of English words. Each week, they apply and practice their skills while reading great children’s literature, including delightful children’s books like Henry and Mudge and Little Bear, and informative nonfiction readers.

Since Foundations students have learned all the tools they need to read each new text before they encounter it, they are able to read successfully, comprehend, and practice their skills. Learning how English works does not exclude reading great literature and developing comprehension skills; it paves the way for students to do these things with confidence, joy, and success.

Beginning composition and grammar instruction, continued vocabulary development, and a variety of engaging and multi-sensory learning games complete this level of Foundations, which helps students take the vital step for which they have laid the groundwork in levels A through C: from learning to read to reading to learn.

What is taught in Level D?

By the time they complete Foundations D, students will be able to read any first- or second-grade-level book and will have the tools they need to read and make educated guesses at the meaning of thousands of words. Many students may be able to read books at a third and fourth grade level easily by the time they complete level D.

In Level D students will:

  • Review the 75 basic phonograms introduced in levels A-C and develop further mastery
  • Learn several advanced phonograms
  • Review and practice the Silent Final E rules and other spelling rules they have learned in levels A-C
  • Learn new spelling rules that unlock the spelling of thousands of additional words
  • Read, comprehend, and respond to real children’s books and informative nonfiction readers
  • Identify central ideas, lessons taught, character traits, and problems and resolutions in stories they read
  • Identify books as nonfiction and fiction
  • Use elements of a text such as images, captions, and the glossary to increase comprehension
  • Begin to learn parts of speech and basic composition rules
  • Increase vocabulary as they learn contractions, commonly confused words, and new roots, prefixes, and suffixes
  • Use morphology to distinguish between the meanings of commonly confused words such as too and two and to spell words such as one and does.
  • Practice composition
  • Express their own ideas in writing as they create posters, lists, summaries, letters, and books
  • Review, practice, and gain fluency through a variety of engaging and entertaining games.

What Will I Need to Teach Foundations D?

Children's Literature Used in Foundations D

In level D, students read thirteen children's fiction books in addition to the 8 Foundations D Readers. These titles may be obtained individually or as a discounted set from our webstore, or from a library or bookseller of your choice.

To see when each book is used, see the Foundations Scope and Sequence and select Level D. For details about each book, click the links below.

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Foundations D Readers

Level D includes eight original nonfiction readers that provide background knowledge and further information about the themes explored through the children's literature, providing deeper insights into the topics:

  • The Arctic and Antarctic: Polar Opposites
  • Baby Birds
  • Bears, Bears, and More Bears
  • Carp: Unexpected Consequences
  • My Nest is Best!
  • Frog or Toad?
  • Many Kinds of Feet
  • Mouse and Mole

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