Supplements FAQsBasic Phonogram Flash Card FAQs
The Basic Phonogram cards are intentionally printed without pictures with a standard black font. There are three reasons Logic of English does not add images to the phonogram cards:
- Many phonograms in English make more than one sound. Including an image gives the impression that the phonogram made only one sound, which can generate unnecessary exceptions in students' minds. A classic example is linking a picture of an apple with the phonogram “a.” Students are led to believe that A says only /ă/, leaving /ā/ as in paper and /ä/ as in water as exceptions.
- Images create an indirect memory link between the phonogram and the sound. Students should primarily reinforce the connection between the sound(s) and the phonogram rather than with any competing images.
- A clean, simple font eliminates visual distraction. Some students who struggle with reading also struggle with knowing where to focus on the page. With our visually simple cards there is no distraction, allowing students to focus on drawing a clear connection between the image of the phonogram and the sound(s).
No. Logic of English Flash Cards are printed on heavy stock and coated for durability.
Though the phonogram cards have a simple appearance, it is the games we play with them which make them fun. Printed on heavy stock with a laminate finish, these cards are designed to be slapped, jumped on, hidden, and used repeatedly. After you've used the cards to introduce material, you can use them in countless additional ways that make practice fun!
We now teach 31. In 2014 we added Spelling Rule 31 in order to provide more complete and explicit instruction about the schwa sound and where students will encounter it within words. The concept of schwa was taught to some extent in the first edition of Essentials but we now teach it more completely and have found it helpful to include it as a rule.
Probably not. The 2nd edition of the Spelling Rule Flash Cards, released in 2014, includes Spelling Rule 31, which is taught in both Foundations and the 2nd edition of Essentials. The 3rd edition of the Spelling Rule Flash Cards will break the three parts of this rule into three cards as Spelling Rules 31.1, 31.2, and 31.3 for ease of instruction. You can use first edition cards with any LOE curriculum and simply add the new rule to your existing set with index cards. Those who purchase the Essentials Vol. 1 Upgrade Set will receive individual Spelling Rule 31.1-31.3 cards to add to their existing deck.
By the time students have learned the 74 Basic Phonograms, they will have developed an understanding of the principle of letters and combinations of letters representing sounds within words. Without direct instruction, most students who have completed Essentials or Foundations will be able to recognize an Advanced Phonogram they encounter in a word and deduce that it is an Advanced Phonogram without difficulty. However, many students will also benefit from knowing the origins and additional information included on the Advanced Phonogram Cards.
Essentials teaches students not only the 74 Basic Phonograms but how words are built and how to ask good questions about words. Once students have mastered the Basic Phonograms, Essentials 1st edition introduces some Advanced Phonograms and the concept of other combinations of letters working together as phonograms. With this knowledge students are prepared to recognize the possibility of an advanced phonogram when they encounter one in a word and to use deductive reasoning about how it is functioning, and the Advanced Phonogram Flash Cards are a helpful resource to aid in this discovery.
The second edition of Essentials, which provides three levels of spelling and vocabulary instruction, incorporates all of the advanced phonograms into the instruction for level C, designed for students who are already reading and spelling well and ready for this additional challenge.
The Game Cards provide opportunities for students to develop fluency in recognizing the phonograms and knowing their sounds.
You will need two types of game cards: Blue Bookface (which use a standard book font), and either Green Cursive or Red Manuscript, depending on which handwriting style your student is learning. Playing phonogram games with both fonts helps students develop fluency in recognizing the phonograms both in book print and in writing.
You will need at least two decks of game cards that are in different colors. One reason for this is that many of the games involve matching or pairs, so you will need contrasting sets. But the more important reason is a pedagogical one: to be fully literate and able to succeed in academic work, students must be able to recognize the phonograms automatically both in handwriting and as they see them printed in books. Phonogram card games are a great way to help developing readers and spellers acquire fluency in both.
Most card games in Logic of English curriculum are designed for two to four players. If you are teaching Logic of English in a group setting, we recommend two contrasting decks for each group of up to four students.
Large motor motions originate from the elbow or the wrist, whereas fine motor motions are formed in the fingers. The large lines are designed to encourage the student to practice writing using large motor motions.
Logic of English Whiteboards are produced in the USA of high quality, non-porous material that will withstand repeated use.
If your student mistakenly uses the wrong type of marker on the whiteboard, try to remove it with a soft, damp cloth. If this does not work, try coloring over the mark with a dry-erase marker and then erasing. If the mark persists, use whiteboard cleaner or non-acetone fingernail polish remover. Never use abrasive cleaners, which will damage the surface of the board.