Holistic Lessons for all Learners

In 40 lessons, the Logic of English® Essentials curriculum 1st edition introduces the 74 Basic Phonograms and 30 Spelling Rules. While the spelling lists in the curriculum include 480 of the most frequently used words in English, students learn thousands of additional words as they learn how to write compound words and to add prefixes and suffixes to form derivatives, and in mastering the building blocks of English words they gain the tools to decode many more.

2016 Note: the new 2nd edition of Essentials teaches this same content, as well as new concepts, with three levels of application for use with students at multiple ability levels. The same lesson components are included, but lessons are divided into five sections designed to be spread over the course of a week. Learn about 2nd edition.

Lesson Structure

Each Essentials lesson is divided into three parts.


Part 1 of each lesson includes Phonograms, Exploring Sounds, and Spelling Rules.

In the Phonogram section students learn new phonograms and review phonograms from previous lessons through games and multi-sensory learning activities.

Exploring Sounds activities correspond to the phonemic awareness component of the five strands of reading instruction identified by the National Reading Panel. In this section students learn about how sounds are formed and learn vowels, consonants, syllables, and limits to some of the phonograms. This section also leads teachers and students in exploring the sounds that have more than one option for spelling.

Finally, the Spelling Rules section engages students in a process to discover the rules that govern English by analyzing sample words.


Part 2 of each lesson, Spelling Analysis, presents a list of spelling words that students learn through dictation. The new words use phonograms and rules students have learned, and the lesson guides you through analysis of each one. New readers spell their way into reading as they learn the logic behind each word. A detailed, two-page chart introduces the spelling of the 15 words included in each lesson.


Essentials does not stop at teaching students how to read and spell words. Part 3 of each lesson provides meaningful ways for students to practice words while expanding their knowledge of written English. Part 3 includes four elements: Composition, Grammar, Dictation, and Vocabulary Development.

In the Composition section, Essentials systematically teaches students how to put words together correctly to form sentences, including basic English punctuation.

The Grammar section of Essentials lessons teaches students the parts of speech, punctuation, and usage.

Dictation activities offer opportunities for students to apply the spelling and composition concepts they are learning and develop the connection between auditory and visual components of words.

Vocabulary Development activities teach students how to form new words by combining words into compound words and by adding suffixes and prefixes. These morphology exercises also teach students how to look to the root to discover the meaning of unknown words and for hints in spelling multi-syllable words.

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