• Forty-eight Advanced Phonograms unlock thousands of advanced vocabulary words.
  • Durable flashcards of all 75 basic phonograms.
  • I think Foundations B may be the right starting point for my student. What materials do I need? Is there anything we'll need to go over before starting B?

  • Last week we received an email from a parent who has been using our Essentials curriculum to teach Logic of English to her young children. More recently, though, she learned about Foundations. Which, she wonders, is best for her kids?

  • This week we had a question about the phonogram IE, the /ē/ of field. Why, someone asked, don't we also list the long I sound as in pie?

  • A Dragon lives forever, but not so little apps...

    Some sad news for the Doodling Dragon:

    Apple® will be updating iOS in the fall, and the Doodling Dragons App will not be compatible with this next upgrade. We are taking it down from iTunes® to prevent any confusion.

  • Essentials 1st Edition (2012)

    On sale while supplies last!

    The SCIENCE of Reading and the ART of Teaching

    The Logic of English® Essentials curriculum uses proven, research-based methods to teach students ages 7 to adult to read, spell, and write successfully. Easy to use, engaging, and fun, Essentials improves the spelling and reading skills of all learners by providing linguistically accurate phonics instruction, fluency practice, morphology and vocabulary development, grammar, and composition.

    For every learner and every teacher
    Clear instructions and scripted lessons allow teachers, tutors, and parents to learn alongside their students, developing their own understanding of the structure of English as they teach. Multi-sensory instruction and a variety of multi-sensory exercises allow teachers to customize the curriculum for the needs of their students, paving the way to success in reading for all kinds of learners.

    Customer testimonials

    First edition of Essentials is on sale!
    Essentials Teacher's Manuals, 1st Edition are still available in a digital format at a significantly discounted closeout price.

    First edition Student Workbooks are available in PDF format, licensed for individual/family use. An annual classroom license is also available.

    Take a video tour of Essentials 1st edition.
    This high definition video is best viewed full size.

    Sample Pages

    Click the links below to view excerpts from the 1st edition of our Essentials curriculum. All files are in PDF format.

    Teacher's Manual
    Student Workbook

    To view optional Advanced Spelling Lists for each Essentials 1st edition lesson, visit the free resources section of our Resources page.

    Buy Essentials now at the Logic of English Store
  • Essentials FAQs

    Logic of English Essentials systematically teaches how written English works, and so it can be used for anyone age eight to adult who has not been taught this material, who wants to get better at reading or spelling, or who wants to gain a more complete understanding of how written English works.

    For students who are reading well, Essentials is an excellent spelling, grammar, vocabulary building, and basic composition program for upper elementary grades (2nd or 3rd through 5th). Completing Essentials using the level C spelling words and activities, with their advanced spelling words, advanced phonograms, and hundreds of Greek and Latin roots, is often beneficial for middle school students if they have not completed Essentials at that level previously. Even high school students reading at grade level would deepen their understanding of English words by studying Essentials as a linguistics and morphology course.

    For students of any age who are struggling with reading or spelling, including adults, Essentials is also a powerful, effective remedial program. The lessons are thorough but streamlined in content, with a variety of activities and three levels of application, so that the pacing and style of the program can be adjusted to the age and needs of the student. The games and practice activities are fun but not babyish, in order to engage and respect the intellectual level of older students.

    To read ideas for pacing the program, see Sample Schedules for Essentials. For more detailed guidance about using Essentials in different settings and how the three levels of application work, view our Essentials Levels and Placement page.

    No, it does not include handwriting instruction. If the student needs handwriting instruction, we recommend our Rhythm of Handwriting program, designed to complement Essentials or serve as a stand-alone writing course.

    The Essentials Pre-Lessons (found in the beginning of the Essentials 1-7 Teacher's Guide) provide a suggested schedule for integrating Rhythm of Handwriting instruction.

    No, Essentials is not a literature program. The lessons build a strong foundation of basic literacy skills and accurate linguistic knowledge, teaching students the tools they need to decode and encode English words and think critically about their meaning and why they are written the way they are, in order to equip them for success in reading and spelling throughout life. In addition to teaching the linguistic tools of written English, the lessons also teach morphology (how roots and affixes work together in English words) and basic grammar in order to further strengthen students' ability to comprehend English on a word and sentence level.

    If a student is struggling with basic literacy skills, instruction should include the optional Essentials Reader, which provides engaging, phonogram-controlled reading passages for every lesson that are designed to build the confidence and meet the interests and intellectual level of older students. Since struggling readers are often discouraged and frustrated with reading, you may want to consider allowing these students to study literature through audio books, reading aloud, and discussion for a time, limiting required reading to the Essentials Reader until they gain the confidence and decoding skills to want to read other grade-level texts successfully. We find that for most struggling readers this begins to happen somewhere between lessons 20 and 30 of Essentials.

    If a student is reading comfortably at or close to grade level already, Essentials should be paired with a literature program of your choice. The Essentials Reader is a good option to consider for 3rd or 4th grade, but other programs that are not phonics controlled are fine as well if the student is already a confident reader.

    Essentials and Foundations are designed to meet the needs of different ages, and a student old enough to start Essentials does not need to complete Foundations first — even if struggling with reading. So Foundations is never a prerequisite; Essentials starts at the beginning and builds very systematically, guiding students to become strong readers and spellers as they learn, apply, practice, and master all the phonograms and spelling rules. Most students under age seven or eight will be happier starting in Foundations, while most older students prefer the style and pacing of Essentials lessons.

    However, for students who have completed Foundations, Essentials is an excellent next step! Students will review the phonograms, spelling rules, and linguistic concepts they have learned, but they will begin to focus much more on spelling mastery in the application of these tools. They will also learn the remaining spelling rules, new morphology and language tools that further strengthen vocabulary and comprehension, and many grammar concepts not introduced in Foundations. In other words, they both deepen their mastery of what they have already learned and continue to build new understanding of English on that foundation.

    Starting with the 2nd edition of Essentials, published in 2015, three levels of spelling lists, grammar practice, and vocabulary instruction in each lesson make it easy to customize the level of difficulty for the individual student. This addition means that Essentials works particularly well for students who already completed Foundations, because you can choose the level of spelling list you will use based on your student's current level of spelling mastery.

    For those teaching the 1st (2012) edition of Essentials, which has only one spelling list per lesson, we recommend use of the optional Advanced Spelling Lists for Essentials as a supplement or replacement to the lists in the book for any student continuing from Foundations when a greater challenge is needed.

    For more information on the differences between the two levels, see What's the difference between Foundations and Essentials for a detailed comparison chart of the similarities and differences, and Do We Want Essentials or Foundations? to help feel out what might be better fit for your 7 or 8-year-old student.

    Almost anything!

    When students have learned all the linguistic tools they need to read and spell English words, what is most important is that they use them - in reading widely, in continuing to analyze new words for how the rules are applied in the spelling, in writing, in continuing to learn about how morphology shapes our language. There are many good ways to do this! Read our blog post What Next After Essentials? for some suggestions.

    Our new Essentials 2nd edition provides three levels of spelling lists and vocabulary instruction within one curriculum, so you can easily re-teach the concepts for greater mastery and application in more challenging words for a second and even third year.

    Yes, both are indispensible to the program! The Teacher's Guides contain the actual lessons, guiding you through what you teach for each part, as well as a wealth of teacher resources and guidance on how to teach Essentials successfully. The Student Workbooks contains the student response portions, sample words, game boards, and other resources for hundreds of the exercises, practice activities, and games. You can see samples from each here.
    Yes! The flexibility of Essentials lessons, the broad applicability of the content, and the three levels of application within each lesson make it easy to differentiate and adapt for students at a variety of ages and ability levels.

    Essentials 2nd edition (released 2015/2017) and later

    The expanded version of Essentials that we released starting in 2015 is designed to facilitate multi-level instruction. While the core language concepts in Essentials are applicable to all students, three levels of application within each lesson allow those teaching Essentials to customize instruction and practice for the ages and abilities of different students and to teach different ages together. Parts of the lesson marked "All" should be completed together, while parts marked for level A, B, and C provide differentiated spelling words, grammar practice, and vocabulary instruction. A Placement Test in the 2nd edition Teacher's Guide helps you find the right starting point for each student.
    Learn more about what changed in the updated Essentials.
    Learn about the parts of an Essentials lesson.

    Essentials 1st edition (2012)

    On the older edition, Part 1 of the lessons can be taught to everyone. Choose to do optional activities together or choose the best ones for each student. In Part 2, dictate and analyze the words from the spelling list in the teacher's manual for younger students; substitute or supplement from the alternate Advanced Lists on our website for older students with a larger vocabulary or students who can already spell many of the words in the main lists. Teach Part 3 together, supplementing the grammar, dictation, and composition activities with words from the Advanced Lists for older students if desired in order to give additional practice with these words. It is also fine to skip parts of Part 3 with younger students if they are finding the concepts are too abstract; in this case, we recommend replacing them with additional phonogram and spelling games to help them gain further mastery of the concepts from Parts 1 and 2.

    All the books for Essentials are available in both; which will work better depends on your situation and preferences. If you will be using the books on paper and are located in the 48 contiguous states in the U.S., you will probably find it simpler and more cost-effective to buy printed books (the teacher's manual and one workbook come to over 1,000 pages, which is a lot of home printing). If you will need to pay for international shipping or will be using the materials at least partly on a mobile device, the digital versions may be for you.

    The Teacher's Manual and Game Book are available with a single-user license; student consumables are available with a Single-Family License, for private home use, and an Annual Classroom License, for printing copies for multiple students in a school, tutoring, or co-op setting. To learn more about digital versions and the PDF licenses, click here.

    Big Picture

    There are two significantly different versions of Essentials.

    • The 1st edition (the original Essentials, published in 2012) has all 40 lessons in one Teacher's Guide.
      The books look like this: They are not compatible with newer Essentials materials.

    • The 2nd edition (first half published in 2015, second half in 2017) has 30 multi-level lessons. They are divided between multiple Teacher's Guides.
      The books look like this:  All the Essentials books published since 2015 are compatible with this edition.

    Because of the extensive re-writing and added content in the 2nd edition, the first edition books cannot be used with any newer books. There are major differences between them. All Essentials books starting with the 2nd edition (with a publication date of 2015 or later) are compatible with each other. The content of the lessons is the same; there have been only minor corrections and clarifications, and changes in how the lessons are packaged, since then.

    The Details

    Essentials second edition, released in 2015 (Lessons 1-15) and 2017 (Lessons 16-30), was a major revision and expansion of the Essentials program, including three levels of spelling lists, grammar practice, and vocabulary instruction in each lesson.

    With this update , Essentials now includes additional grammar concepts and advanced phonograms that were not covered in the original (2012) edition. The most significant change in the new expanded version, though, was the three levels of spelling lists, with corresponding multi-level practice activities and vocabulary instruction, in each lesson. The new vocabulary sections introduce over a hundred new Greek and Latin roots not included in the original edition of Essentials. To give you a sense of the scope of the expansion: the 1st edition Teacher's Guide had all of Essentials in one book with 611 pages, while the new Teacher's Guides, which divide the lessons into multiple books, have 1,460 pages between them!

    The first fifteen lessons of the expanded new edition were originally released as Essentials 2nd Edition, Volume 1. This corresponds to the first half of the original edition of Essentials.

    In 2018 we made a formatting change: we began selling these same 15 lessons in smaller sets of lessons: Essentials Lessons 1-7 and Lessons 8-15. We also released the second half, Lessons 16-22 and Lessons 23-30. Each lesson includes three levels of application and practice, so students can complete all thirty lessons and then repeat an additional time for deeper mastery by starting back at Level 1 using the next level up.

    With this formatting change, some of the books, such as the 1-7 and 8-15 Teacher's Guides, are now technically in their 3rd edition, but this is a minor change and does not affect compatibility. They contain the same lessons and are fully compatible with all materials from the 2nd edition.

    Learn more about what's new in the 2nd edition!

    Yes, but you may find it helpful to get updated versions in some cases.

    New materials you will need:

    • Student Workbooks and Teacher's Guides from the 2nd edition or later. 1st edition Teacher's Manuals and Workbooks are not compatible with newer editions. All materials from the newer versions of Essentials (2nd edition and later) are compatible with each other. For example, the Essentials "Volume 1" Teacher's Guide and Workbooks, which contain lessons 1-15, can be used interchangeably with the Essentials 1-7 and 8-15 Workbooks and Teacher's Guides.
    • Spelling Analysis Card; Morpheme Flash Cards. These new products were released with the 2nd edition of Essentials.

    Update recommended: Some supplements are now in a more recent version, with some changes that provide clarification or new information. It is still possible to use the earlier products, simply adding the new concepts to your cards as you encounter them, but some may find it worthwhile to update. These include:

    • Grammar Flash Cards: These went through a major update in 2018, adding many new concepts taught in the second half of Essentials. We recommend updating to the new (3rd edition) set.
    • Phonogram and Spelling Rule Quick Reference: this was updated in March of 2014 and again in the summer of 2018. Those who purchased older copies may find it worthwhile to order an updated version, but it is also possible to use the older one.
    • Advanced Phonogram Flash Cards: we added 13 new advanced phonograms to this set in 2015, and two more in 2018. Since all of the advanced phonograms are introduced in Level C, those who have a student who will be using level C in Essentials 2nd edition (the most advanced level of spelling and vocabulary instruction) will likely want one of the newer sets. You can also use index cards to add the new phonograms to your existing set.

    Update optional: These materials do include minor updates that reflect changes we have made, but they are not necessarily significant enough that you should purchase the new versions.

    • Basic Phonogram Flash Cards: We added a fifth sound of OU to this set in 2016, and a new phonogram, ES (plural noun and third person verb suffix), in 2018. Since the lessons specifically note that ES a newly added phonogram and include an activity in which students cut a new flash card out of their workbooks, and since the fifth sound of OU can be added to the back of your existing card, you may find you do not need to order a new set.
    • Phonogram Game Tiles and Phonogram Game Cards: These were updated in the summer of 2018 to add the new phonogram ES (plural and third person verb suffix), which is introduced as a new phonogram in Lesson 21. Since we will be teaching this phonogram from now on, we are adding it to all our materials, but those with older sets of these supplements will not necessarily need to upgrade to the new ones. Students were already using this suffix before we taught it as its own phonogram, so they will already have some familiarity with its sounds.
    • Spelling Journal: this was updated in April 2014 to include hints and rules for where different spellings may be used, and in April 2018 to include new sections for schwa and other tricky words of students' choosing. The older editions will still work with Essentials lessons, so updating this supplement is optional.
    • Spelling Rule Flash Cards: These now include Rule 31.1, 31.2, and 31.3, about schwa (added in 2015) and an updated and expanded Rule 7, about where I and Y may say long /ē/. You can add these to your existing set with index cards unless you would prefer to purchase a new set.

    Yes. Printed first edition Teacher's Manuals are available while supplies last. The 1st edition Teacher's Manual is discounted at a special closeout price, all sales final. The workbooks are now available in a digital format only. After we sell out of printed books, we will continue to make Essentials 1st edition Teacher's Manuals and Student Workbooks available in PDF format for the time being so that anyone who would prefer to continue using the 1st edition may do so.

    The other supplements used with the 1st Edition of Essentials, such as flash cards and reference charts, are used with the 2nd edition of Essentials as well and will continue to be available on our webstore. New editions of these materials will have minor changes as we continue to refine and clarify what we teach about these concepts, but they can still be used successfully with Essentials 1st edition.

    Learn more about what's new in the 2nd edition!

    The second half of Essentials, lessons 16-30, teaches the remaining phonograms and rules not introduced in Lessons 1-15, as well as many new grammar and vocabulary concepts and three new spelling lists in each lesson. To see the Phonograms, Spelling Rules, Grammar, and other concepts taught in each lesson of Essentials, see the Essentials Scope and Sequence.

    Logic of English originally planned to release the second half in one large book, "Volume 2." Based on how large the Teacher's Guide would have been, and because we wanted to provide greater flexibility in pacing, we later decided to divide these lessons into two books, Essentials 16-22 and Essentials 23-30, instead. We began printing the first fifteen lessons in two smaller books in 2018 as well.

    This indicates to the teacher that all the phonograms in this word are saying their first and most common sounds. Most spelling words in the earliest Essentials lessons use their first sounds only and do not need to be marked.

    When Logic of English students learn phonograms, they memorize their sounds in order of frequency, so the first sound of the phonogram is the most common. With single-letter vowels, the first sound is the short sound, and a single-letter vowel always says its short sound unless something in its position or relationship to other phonograms in the word causes it to say one of its other sounds. Students learn the rules about what can cause vowels to say their other sounds over the course of the Essentials lessons. Until students learn about using the other sounds of a phonogram, the spelling lists only include words that use the first sound.

    In Spelling Analysis, students and teachers discuss the phonograms in the words and why they are saying what they are saying, marking multi-letter phonograms and each phonogram that is saying one of its less common sounds.

    A detailed guide to the process of dictating and analyzing spelling words begins on page Intro 42 of the Essentials Teacher's Manual.
    He shouldn't, until you tell him.

    While the spelling rules greatly narrow the number of choices a student must consider in determining how to spell a particular sound, sometimes more than one spelling is permitted by the rules. In the case of EE and EA, for example, no rule dictates which may be used (in fact, we often have homophones differentiated by two different spellings of the same sound, such as 'peek' and 'peak' or 'toe' and 'tow').

    Whenever there is more than one permitted option, the teacher must always cue the student on which phonogram to use during the process of spelling dictation and analysis. The student cannot be expected to know. The purpose of Spelling Analysis and the spelling lists in Essentials is to teach spelling, not to test it, and whenever information beyond the spelling rules and phonograms is needed to guide the student in choosing which phonogram to use, the teacher should provide it.

    A detailed guide to the process of dictating and analyzing spelling words, including how and when you should cue which phonogram to use, begins on page Intro42 of the Essentials Teacher's Manual. To see the process modeled, see Spelling List 3 on our videos page. (We also sell a bookmark-sized reference card you can keep on hand to guide you through the steps.)

    Once a student has learned the spelling of a word, the Spelling Journal provides a place to record difficult words and keep track of the different ways of spelling a sound. Games in the Phonogram and Spelling Game Book provide various opportunities for practice. Essentials lessons also guide students in understanding which of the permitted spellings of a sound are more common in different places within words. For example, Lesson 2 guides students in discovering where CK may not be used, where it may, and where it is the most common spelling of the sound /k/. However, keep in mind that it takes time and practice to master a tricky spelling; if a student doesn't remember, simply prompt him again with the same cues from spelling dictation.
    This is a great question, because it gets at the heart of what a phonogram is.

    First, a key for those new to the LOE phonograms:
    • The phonogram EA says three sounds: /ē/ as in lean, /ĕ/ as in bread, and /ā/ as in steak.
    • The phonogram R says /r/ as in run and errand.
    • The phonogram EAR says /er/ as in search.

    Now, for the question.

    In words like "learn" and "earn" and "search," the letters EAR are working together to say /er/. This is a unique sound made by these letters working together; the vowel is different from what EA says in any other context. So it is its own phonogram.

    In the words "bear" and "wear," EA says its third sound, /ā/, and R says /r/. The word "ear" contains two phonograms: the phonogram EA says /ē/, and R says /r/. We see the same combination in "near" and "fear." Students don't need to learn an additional sound of the phonogram EAR to decode these words correctly, because they already know the sounds of EA and R.

    A multi-letter phonogram is a group of letters working together to say a unique sound that they wouldn't say otherwise. The same letters can sometimes function as separate phonograms, saying their individual sounds, when adjacent to each other. The fact that a phonogram exists and makes a unique sound doesn't mean that every instance of those letters is that phonogram.

    While we are asked most often about EA+R, other letter combinations also appear sometimes as a multi-letter phonogram and sometimes as separate phonograms. Consider "ferret," "hothead," "reality," and "enthusiasm."

    Note: There is in fact one other unique sound of EAR, but it is so uncommon that we do not teach it as a basic sound of the phonogram. EAR says /ar/ only in the very old English words "heart," "hearth," "hearken," and their derivatives.

    Some people teaching Logic of English, particularly those speaking British English, have also asked about teaching EAR as a distinct R-controlled long-vowel, as in "wear" or "hear." This is because the R alters the shape of the long /ē/ or long /ā/ sound in our mouths, in some dialects particularly. We find that the vowel sound is similar enough that students can read and spell words with EA+R correctly without learning the combination as a separate R-controlled phonogram, but it is fine to teach it that way if you prefer.

    Visit the Essentials page...

  • Holistic Lessons for all Learners

    In 40 lessons, the Logic of English® Essentials curriculum 1st edition introduces the 74 Basic Phonograms and 30 Spelling Rules. While the spelling lists in the curriculum include 480 of the most frequently used words in English, students learn thousands of additional words as they learn how to write compound words and to add prefixes and suffixes to form derivatives, and in mastering the building blocks of English words they gain the tools to decode many more.

    2016 Note: the new 2nd edition of Essentials teaches this same content, as well as new concepts, with three levels of application for use with students at multiple ability levels. The same lesson components are included, but lessons are divided into five sections designed to be spread over the course of a week. Learn about 2nd edition.

    Lesson Structure

    Each Essentialslesson is divided into three parts.


    Part 1 of each lesson includes Phonograms, Exploring Sounds, and Spelling Rules.

    In the Phonogram section students learn new phonograms and review phonograms from previous lessons through games and multi-sensory learning activities.

    Exploring Sounds activities correspond to the phonemic awareness component of the five strands of reading instruction identified by the National Reading Panel. In this section students learn about how sounds are formed and learn vowels, consonants, syllables, and limits to some of the phonograms. This section also leads teachers and students in exploring the sounds that have more than one option for spelling.

    Finally, the Spelling Rules section engages students in a process to discover the rules that govern English by analyzing sample words.


    Part 2 of each lesson, Spelling Analysis, presents a list of spelling words that students learn through dictation. The new words use phonograms and rules students have learned, and the lesson guides you through analysis of each one. New readers spell their way into reading as they learn the logic behind each word. A detailed, two-page chart introduces the spelling of the 15 words included in each lesson.


    Essentials does not stop at teaching students how to read and spell words. Part 3 of each lesson provides meaningful ways for students to practice words while expanding their knowledge of written English. Part 3 includes four elements: Composition, Grammar, Dictation, and Vocabulary Development.

    In the Composition section, Essentials systematically teaches students how to put words together correctly to form sentences, including basic English punctuation.

    The Grammar section of Essentials lessons teaches students the parts of speech, punctuation, and usage.

    Dictation activities offer opportunities for students to apply the spelling and composition concepts they are learning and develop the connection between auditory and visual components of words.

    Vocabulary Development activities teach students how to form new words by combining words into compound words and by adding suffixes and prefixes. These morphology exercises also teach students how to look to the root to discover the meaning of unknown words and for hints in spelling multi-syllable words.

  • Rebecca, author of the Mom's Mustard Seeds Blog, has written an informative review of the Logic of English Essentials curriculum.

  • Sample Pages from Essentials

    Click the links below to view excerpts from the 1st edition of our Essentials curriculum. All files are in PDF format.

    Teacher's Manual
    Student Workbook

    To view optional Advanced Spelling Lists for each Essentials 1st edition lesson, visit the free resources section of our Resources page.

    To view the supplements used with Essentials, click here.

    Buy Essentials now at the Logic of English Store
  • EssentialsStudent Workbooks

    Engaging, Effective, Clear

    Designed to meet the needs of students ages 7 to adult, the Essentials Student Workbook provides discovery-based learning activities, phonogram games, editing practice, fluency activities, spelling games, word sums and more!

    While the Teacher's Guide is the backbone of Essentials, the Student Workbooks provide the student response portion for a number of written actvities. Each lesson explores concepts in new ways to engage interest and prevent boredom. Clean and simple page layout minimizes visual distraction.

    Shop now
    Product information

    2nd edition, Vol. 1: 320 pages. Available in printed paperback and PDF.
    2nd edition, Vol. 2: coming 2017.

    1st edition: 484 pages. Available in print (while supplies last) and PDF.

    For Students: Learning with Essentials

    Help Students Learn by Discovery

    In Logic of English® Essentials students receive examples of words and are then asked to form a hypothesis about the rule that is governing how they are spelled. In this way, students not only discover the rules and patterns that govern English but also learn how to ask questions about language and analyze words and sentences. These higher-order thinking skills aid students in learning to read and spell as well as om all areas of academic study. The Teacher's Manual includes scripting and sample words in order to support teachers in this process.

    Sustain Interest

    Too often curriculum designers take the easy way out and follow the same pattern for every lesson. The first few days are new and exciting for students, but the freshness quickly wears off and in sets boredom. While Essentials uses a consistent outline to present the content, each lesson includes a variety of new activities, games, and approaches to teaching in order to engage the attention of both the teachers and the students throughout the program.

    Engage Auditory, Kinesthetic, and Visual Learners

    Each lesson employs a variety of activities and teaching points to engage all learning styles. Brain research demonstrates that students learn best when they use all four learning modes: hearing, seeing, doing, and speaking. With this in mind, Logic of English® Essentials lessons include activities that utilize all four modes. This allows students to use their strongest learning style while also strengthening areas of weakness.

    A Note about Handwriting

    In order to begin Essentials, students must be able to write the alphabet legibly in lowercase. If a student needs handwriting instruction, begin with The Rhythm of Handwriting to teach manuscript or cursive handwriting while completing the Essentials PreLessons (2nd edition) or Before You Begin section (1st edition). We recommend cursive!. Students ages 7+ can typically learn lowercase a-z in 2-3 weeks, then begin lessons in Essentials.

    Sample Pages
    Shop for Essentials Workbooks
    Save 10% - Buy a Complete Essentials Set!
  • Strong Instructional Support

    2nd edition Teacher's Guide info coming soon! Click here to see it in our webstore.

    The Essentials Teacher's Manual 1st edition promotes instructional consistency whether a teacher is a trained specialist or new to teaching. Clear, streamlined lessons combined with numerous additional activities empower teachers to determine the pacing of the lessons.

    Learn With Your Students

    We designed the Essentials Teacher's Manual so that teachers can discover the logic underlying English words alongside their students. Sample dialogue, written examples, teacher tips, and detailed charts provide teachers with the support they need to teach the 74 Phonograms, 30 Spelling Rules, and 80 grammar concepts while learning them alongside their students.

    Streamlined Lessons with Abundant Practice Opportunities

    Many programs move too slowly or too quickly. Essentials allows teachers to easily tailor the pace, providing streamlined lesson plans and an abundant selection of practice activities to choose from. Since students vary in the amount of practice they need to master the phonograms, rules, and words presented, each lesson includes numerous additional activities, marked with the learning styles engaged by each one, so that teachers can adapt the lesson to suit their students’ needs. These additional exercises include games, independent learning opportunities, and other activities that enhance the learning experience.

    View sample pages from the Essentials 1st edition Teacher's Manual here. See lessons from the 2nd edition here.
    Learn about the components of Essentials 1st edition lessons here and 2nd edition lessons here.
  • Dec. 20 update: Pre-Release Sales are now closed.

    Files for Lessons 16-30 are on the way to the printer!
    Pre-Orders are now available.

    Now available: early access to Lessons 16-30

    Plus 65% off the printed books when they are ready!

    We are moving into the final stretch of development with the second half of Essentials!

    However, in the meantime, we know some of you are eagerly waiting and ready to start. On August 1, we began making pre-release lessons from the second half of Essentials available for purchase in PDF format. Pre-release PDFs can be purchased up until the final files are available for sale.

  • In Logic of English curriculum, the most important part of the lessons after learning the phonograms individually is learning to use them to spell and read words. The process we use to teach this is called Spelling Analysis, and it is so helpful that we’ve decided to make our new Spelling Analysis tutorial, from Essentials 2nd edition, available online for free as a downloadable PDF!

  • Third Edition (2018)
    Eighty-four Grammar Cards introduce key grammar concepts!
  • This week we received the following question from a customer. She is using Foundations B, but her question applies to Essentials and the rest of Foundations as well.

    My daughter is in the middle of Foundations book B. Would you be willing to share your thoughts on how much we should go back and review at the beginning of a new school year? Thank you!!

  • [ February 2018 update: Volume 2 is now complete and available for purchase! ]

    Volume 2 of Essentials 2nd edition is still in development. (Stay updated on the progress here or read about Pre-Release PDFs of Volume 2, available now!)

    If you have finished or will soon finish Volume 1 and are trying to decide what to do in the meantime, this blog post is for you!

  • This Saturday, October 28, is National Chocolate Day!

    In honor of this sweet occasion, we would like to share a special treat with you: a free PDF copy of Lesson 17: The Story of Chocolate from The Essentials Reader.

  • Announcing our new Essentials sets! We are reconfiguring our Essentials curriculum into smaller and more flexible bundles, available now!

    The 30 lessons of the curriculum are divided into four smaller sets, with new smaller Teacher's Guides — for the same overall price for the whole program!

  • As we release the second half of Essentials, Logic of English is introducing a new Basic Phonogram! Learn all about it, and download a free lesson.

  • A teacher who uses Essentials wanted to introduce our Foundations curriculum to his colleagues in K-2. He asked us if we would share our favorite reasons to use Foundations. Here are mine!

  • One day we received an email from Heather, a homeschool mom using Logic of English Essentials (1st edition) with her six- and eight-year-olds. Though they were using the phonograms and rules successfully in isolation, her children were struggling to apply what they are learning while writing.

  • We're excited to announce the Young Artist Series, a new collection of readers for Foundations B — featuring wonderful illustrations by young artists in our community!

  • We're sometimes asked for advice about the best way to pace Logic of English curriculum, and we continue to discuss different ways to do this as we hear from you about your experiences. Most often the questions are about Essentials, since the lessons are long and designed to be flexible so that they can be taught in a variety of circumstances and to a wide range of students.

  • Due to low demand, we will be discontinuing the PDF versions of some of our products on March 31, 2019.

    However, they are still available until then — and they're on sale!

  • Fun games and multi-sensory activities to help students master phonograms and spelling words.
  • Phonograms, spelling rules, and sample words in a comprehensive quick-reference guide for teachers and students.
  • Colorful game tiles of all 75 basic phonograms! Perfect for spelling exercises, practice, and games.
  • An audio reference guide to phonogram sounds.
  • A fun, effective phonics recognition game that eliminates exceptions and provides a complete picture of the phonograms needed to read and spell!

  • The Logic of English team is celebrating: Essentials 16-22 is here!

    The hard copies of the 16-22 Teacher's Guides, Workbooks, and Morpheme Cards have all arrived at our warehouse, and the first pre-ordered copies are packed to ship out. We also sent 23-30 files to the printers this week.

  • Tools to help you track students' progress and provide appropriate review

    These progress monitoring checklists, for the review assessments in LOE Foundations and Essentials lessons, are designed to help you keep track of which skills students in your class have mastered and which ones are still developing — as well as which skills need to be mastered before you move on.

  • New resource for supporting struggling readers!

    Download a table of extra support activities for young Essentials students who are beginning readers. The concepts introduced in these activities provide students the additional tools they need to read dozens of Foundations readers earlier than they would otherwise be able to, and the extra practice builds fluency and confidence. Provide additional practice and an entertaining Foundations reader with every Essentials lesson!

  • One day last fall, a customer wrote us with a great question about her son's progress in reading fluency:

    I have a question concerning Foundations. I started Foundations A with my son last fall when he was 5 1/2. He enjoyed Foundations A and did fine with the work. We started Foundations B in January or February and did well at first but about halfway through he stopped enjoying it — I suspect because he was overwhelmed with the reading portion.

  • A customer wrote us with a question about the vowel sound in the word sink:

    I am teaching Foundations Level A Lesson 33 to my son. The spelling list is tripping me up. I say "sink" with a long /ē/ but the list says "all first sounds." The same with "ink" and "link." What am I doing wrong? Is it my dialect?

  • The perfect teacher's reference for dictating and analyzing spelling words.
  • A student-created reference that helps developing spellers think critically and recognize patterns in the spelling rules and words they learn.
  • Spelling List 1 includes an alternative list to accompany Lesson 1 of The Logic of English Essentials Curriculum. This spelling list is ideal for adult students who desire to improve their spelling or reading skills, ESL and EFL students. It is also an ideal spelling list for upper elementary through high school. Ideally students will complete Lesson 1 Part 1 of the Essentials Curriculum. However, these lessons may also stand alone.

  • Spelling List 11

    An alternative spelling list for Lesson 11 of the Logic of English Essentials Curriculum.


  • Spelling List 12

    An alternative spelling list for Lesson 12 of the Logic of English Essentials Curriculum.


  • An alternative spelling list for Lesson 13 of the Logic of English Essentials Curriculum.

    Words this week include: payroll, shallow, knee, heal, health, playful, rainbow, below, wild, know, coward, daylight, character, thoughtful, harmful, powerful, gleeful, sigh, singular, popular, momentum, meter, metric, numerous, campaign

  • Spelling List 14

    An alternative spelling list for Lesson 14 of the Logic of English Essentials Curriculum.

  • Spelling List 16

    An alternative spelling list for Lesson 16 of the Logic of English Essentials Curriculum.

  • Spelling List 17

    An alternative spelling list for Lesson 17 of the Logic of English Essentials Curriculum.

  • Spelling List 18

    An alternative spelling list for Lesson 18 of the Logic of English Essentials Curriculum.

  • Spelling List 19

    An alternative spelling list for Lesson 19 of the Logic of English Essentials Curriculum.

  • Spelling List 21

    An alternative spelling list for Lesson 21 of the Logic of English Essentials Curriculum.

  • Spelling List 22

    An alternative spelling list for Lesson 22 of the Logic of English Essentials Curriculum.

  • Spelling List 23

    An alternative spelling list for Lesson 23 of the Logic of English Essentials Curriculum.

  • Spelling List 24

    An alternative spelling list for Lesson 24 of the Logic of English Essentials Curriculum.

  • Spelling List 26

    An alternative spelling list for Lesson 26 of the Logic of English Essentials Curriculum.

  • Spelling List 27

    An alternative spelling list for Lesson 27 of the Logic of English Essentials Curriculum.

  • Spelling List 28

    An alternative spelling list for Lesson 28 of the Logic of English Essentials Curriculum.

  • Spelling List 29

    An alternative spelling list for Lesson 29 of the Logic of English Essentials Curriculum.

  • Spelling List 31

    An alternative spelling list for Lesson 31 of the Logic of English Essentials Curriculum.

  • Spelling List 32

    An alternative spelling list for Lesson 32 of the Logic of English Essentials Curriculum.

  • Spelling List 33

    An alternative spelling list for Lesson 33 of the Logic of English Essentials Curriculum.

  • Spelling List 34

    An alternative spelling list for Lesson 34 of the Logic of English Essentials Curriculum.

  • Spelling List 36

    An alternative spelling list for Lesson 36 of the Logic of English Essentials Curriculum.

  • Spelling List 37

    An alternative spelling list for Lesson 37 of the Logic of English Essentials Curriculum.

  • Spelling List 38

    An alternative spelling list for Lesson 38 of the Logic of English Essentials Curriculum.

  • Spelling List 39

    An alternative spelling list for Lesson 39 of the Logic of English Essentials Curriculum.

  • Spelling List 6 is an alternative list for Logic of English Essentials Lesson 6. Students who complete Part 1 of Lesson 6 (pages 57-61) before watching the video will gain the most from this lesson. It is also recommended to introduce how to form a plural found in Part 3 on pages 64-65.

    Note: At this time we do not have a Spelling List 5. This is because Essentials Lesson 5 is a review of the previous four lessons.

    This lesson adds the phonograms - ar, ch, oo.

  • Spelling List 9

    An alternative spelling list for Lesson 9 of the Logic of English Essentials Curriculum.

    This list introduces new Phonograms: au, aw, augh

  • Thirty-one spelling rules in a concise practice tool that develops critical thinking.
  • Here is a question we hear sometimes from those switching to LOE with first or second graders, or starting out with a young child who has already begun to read.

    If a child is 7 or younger, you recommend starting at Foundations. With a child who is already reading, how does that work? Where do we start? Will it be too easy?

  • Like many other systematic phonics programs, Logic of English originally taught four sounds of the phonogram OU. Now we teach five.

  • Someone called today asking if there was a rule to govern the spelling of the sound /ch/ after a single short vowel at the end of the word. She pointed out it can be spelled with a CH or a TCH.

  • Introducing: Revised, updated, and clarified Grammar Flash Cards!

  • While working on Essentials in the past year, the Logic of English team started re-examining Spelling Rule 7, which explains where the phonograms I and Y can say the sound /ē/. We found there were some ways we could make this rule more precise and more accurate.

  • Guest blog post by Lori Archer. Lori is a homeschool parent and former classroom teacher, who uses both Essentials and Foundations.

    The Logic of English is a brilliant and fun language arts program. LOE effectively and efficiently integrates spelling, grammar, phonics, and writing. And, Logic of English integrates lots of cards (LOTS of cards!): phonogram cards, spelling rule cards, game cards, and this is if you are just doing Essentials. Add in Foundations and you add in more cards. The cards are what make practice and reinforcement engaging for the children, but they can prove to be an organizational dilemma for the instructor.

  • Today a customer wrote us to ask about using Spelling Rule Flash Cards and memorizing the spelling rules in Logic of English lessons. She writes:

    My question has to do with the spelling flashcards for Essentials. I am unclear on how we are to use them; is there somewhere in the TM where this is discussed? Do we review the spelling rules daily? Do we expect students to have them committed to memory? When we are dictating words for spelling analysis, I see particular spelling rules referenced. Does the teacher say it, or the student, or only if they need help with the word?

  • Logic of English Spelling Rules 3, 7, and 16 include the phrase "English words." People sometimes wonder, as they first learn these spelling rules: How we are categorizing a word as English or foreign?

  • Most teachers and students are excited by the information they have learned in Essentials and are eager to continue to reinforce the concepts as well as to dig deeper. As a result, a common question we receive is "Where do you go once you finish Essentials?"
  • Teachers using Logic of English in a classroom often wonder what their students should practice at home, especially if parents are not familiar with the phonograms and spelling rules or are used to receiving a list of words to drill or an assigned amount of time that children are required to read.

    Here are some ideas for homework that will reinforce the skills you are teaching in Foundations or Essentials!

  • How do I know if Logic of English Foundations or Essentials is the right starting point for my student?

  • The first reader in our Young Artist Series, a new collection of readers for Foundations B, is now available — and you can get it for free May 14-16!

  • The next reader in our Young Artist Series, a new collection of readers for Foundations B, is now available — and you can get it for free August 3rd-6th!

  • Another reader in our Young Artist Series, a new collection of readers for Foundations B, is now available — and you can get it for free September 25-27!

  • Another reader in our Young Artist Series, a new collection of readers for Foundations B, is now available — and you can get it for free October 2-4!

  • Another reader in our Young Artist Series, a new collection of readers for Foundations B, is now available — and you can get it for free October 16-17!

  • The next reader in our Young Artist Series, a new collection of readers for Foundations B, is now available — and you can get it for free October 23-24!

  • The next reader in our Young Artist Series, a new collection of readers for Foundations B, is now available — and you can get it for free October 31 - November 2!

  • The final reader in our Young Artist Series, a new collection of readers for Foundations B, is now available — and you can get it for free November 7-9! The printed books are coming soon!

  • Login Form