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Phonogram List

A a ă-ā-ä
Sample Words
  • mat,
  • table,
  • father
ai ā Two letter /ā/ that may not be used at the end of English words.
Sample Words
  • laid
ay ā Two letter /ā/ that may be used at the end of English words.
Sample Words
  • play
au ä Two letter /ä/ that may not be used at the end of English words.
Sample Words
  • author
aw ä Two letter /ä/ that may be used at the end of English words.
Sample Words
  • saw
augh ä-ăf Used only at the end of a base word or before a T.
Sample Words
  • taught
  • laugh
ar är
Sample Words
  • car
B b b
Sample Words
  • bat
bu b Two letter /b/.
Sample Words
  • buy
C c k-s
Sample Words
  • cat
  • cent
ch ch-k-sh
Sample Words
  • child
  • school
  • chef
ci sh Short /sh/ used only at the beginning of any syllable after the first one.
Sample Words
  • spacious
E e ĕ-ē
Sample Words
  • tent
  • be
ea ē-ĕ-ā
Sample Words
  • eat
  • bread
  • steak
ee ē Double /ē/.
Sample Words
  • tree
ei ā-ē-ī May not be used at the end of English words.
Sample Words
  • their
  • protein
  • feisty
eigh ā-ī Used only at the end of a base word or before a T.
Sample Words
  • eight
  • height
cei
Sample Words
  • receive
ear er The /er/ of search.
Sample Words
  • search
ck k Two letter /k/ used only after a single, short vowel.
Sample Words
  • back
D d d
Sample Words
  • dad
dge j Hard /J/ used only after a single, short vowel.
Sample Words
  • edge
F f f
Sample Words
  • foot
G g g-j
Sample Words
  • big
  • gym
ew oo-ū May be used at the end of English words.
Sample Words
  • flew
  • few
ey ā-ē May be used at the end of English words.
Sample Words
  • they
  • key
I i ĭ-ī-ē-y
Sample Words
  • it
  • ivy
  • stadium
  • onion
ie ē The /ē/ of field.
Sample Words
  • field
igh ī Three letter /ī/ used only at the end of a base word or before a T.
Sample Words
  • night
ed ĕd-d-t Past tense ending.
Sample Words
  • traded
  • pulled
  • picked
er er The /er/ of her.
Sample Words
  • her
gn n Two letter /n/ used at the beginning or the end of a base word.
Sample Words
  • sign
gu g-gw
Sample Words
  • guide
  • language
H h h
Sample Words
  • hat
J j j
Sample Words
  • job
K k k
Sample Words
  • kit
O o ŏ-ō-oo
Sample Words
  • on
  • go
  • do
oa ō Two letter /ō/ that may not be used at the end of English words.
Sample Words
  • coat
oe ō-oo May be used at the end of English words.
Sample Words
  • toe
  • shoe
oi oi May not be used at the end of English words.
Sample Words
  • boil
oy oi May be used at the end of English words.
Sample Words
  • boy
ough ŏ-ō-oo-ow-ŭff-ŏff Used only at the end of a base word or before a T.
Sample Words
  • thought
  • though
  • through
  • bough
  • rough
  • trough
ir er The /er/ of bird.
Sample Words
  • bird
kn n Two letter /n/ used only at the beginning of a base word.
Sample Words
  • know
L l l
Sample Words
  • lamp
M m m
Sample Words
  • me
N n n
Sample Words
  • nut
ng n
Sample Words
  • sing
oo oo-ü-ō
Sample Words
  • food
  • took
  • floor
ou ow-ō-oo-ŭ May not be used at the end of English words.
Sample Words
  • house
  • soul
  • group
  • country
ow ow-ō May be used at the end of English words.
Sample Words
  • plow
  • snow
U u ŭ-ū-oo-ü
Sample Words
  • up
  • pupil
  • flute
  • put
ui oo Two letter /oo/ that may not be used at the end of English words.
Sample Words
  • fruit
or or
Sample Words
  • lord
P p p
Sample Words
  • pan
ph f Two letter /f/.
Sample Words
  • phone
Qu qu kw
Sample Words
  • queen
R r r
Sample Words
  • ran
S s s-z
Sample Words
  • sent
  • as
ur er The /er/ of hurt.
Sample Words
  • hurt
sh sh Used only at the beginning of a word and at the end of the syllable. Never used at the beginning of any syllable after the first one, except for the ending -ship.
Sample Words
  • she
si sh-zh Used only at the beginning of any syllable after the first one.
Sample Words
  • session
  • division
T t t
Sample Words
  • tip
tch ch Three letter /ch/ used only after a single vowel that is not long.
Sample Words
  • butcher
th th-TH
Sample Words
  • thin
  • this
wor wer
Sample Words
  • worm
ti sh Tall /sh/ used only at the beginning of any syllable after the first one.
Sample Words
  • partial
V v v
Sample Words
  • van
W w w
Sample Words
  • wall
wh wh Used only at the beginning of a base word.
Sample Words
  • whisper
wr r Two letter /r/ used only at the beginning of a base word.
Sample Words
  • write
X x ks-z
Sample Words
  • fox
  • xylophone
Y y y-ĭ-ī-ē
Sample Words
  • yard
  • gym
  • by
  • baby
Z z z
Sample Words
  • zip

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